The main characteristics of ecotourism include:
-Sustainability: Ecotourism focuses on minimising negative impacts on the environment and local communities. It seeks to conserve natural and cultural resources, avoiding overexploitation and promoting practices that allow for the balance and regeneration of ecosystems.
-Environmental awareness: Travellers who participate in ecotourism tend to have an attitude of respect and care towards nature. Environmental education is encouraged so that tourists understand the importance of conservation and how they can contribute to it.
-Benefit for local communities: Ecotourism seeks to involve local communities in the development of tourism projects, so that they can benefit economically from the activity without harming their traditions and ways of life.
-Biodiversity conservation: By visiting protected natural areas or fragile environments, ecotourism seeks to generate income that contributes to the preservation of biodiversity and the habitat of various species.
-Low-impact tourism: The aim is to maintain small groups of tourists to minimise the impact on natural and cultural resources. This implies avoiding overcrowding and carefully planning activities so as not to disturb local fauna or flora.
Ecotourism can include activities such as hiking, bird watching, scuba diving, kayaking, visits to protected areas, among others. It is important that tour operators and tourists commit to the principles of ecotourism and make informed choices to protect the environment and the communities they visit. In this way, the natural beauty of the planet can be enjoyed in a sustainable way for present and future generations.